Clinically Reviewed on: 06/10/2022 10:29 am by Dr Alexander Lapa (Psychiatrist)
All information on this page has been reviewed and verified by a certified addiction professional.
It is usually a grainy white powder, although it can come in a liquid or tablet form.
Although Ketamine is not physically addictive, it is still extremely dangerous when taken recreationally. There are various side effects which range from relaxation to hallucinations; hence it is sometimes referred to as a “party drug”. Names linked with the drug are K, Ket, Special K, and Vitamin K.
In 2021, a large number of private clinics started to offer Ketamine to patients with depression. It started a debate within medical practices as to whether it is appropriate to treat depression with Ketamine as it is unavailable to NHS patients. For this to happen, it would need to be approved by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). 
The risk of Ketamine being used to treat mental health problems increases the risk of doctor shopping; tracking the administration of Ketamine would be considerably difficult. Patients would need long-term treatment for Ketamine to be effective; this poses a risk due to its long-term effects.
As well as the physical and psychological dangers, another risk of recreational Ketamine use is the prison sentences it carries. It is a class B drug with a prison sentence of up to five years for possession and up to 14 years for supplying and production.
Below we have listed further hazards of Ketamine addiction.
Ketamine dulls the senses and pain receptors, often making users or patients feel numb or even paralysed. If someone cuts themselves accidentally, they may not feel it and seek medical attention. Additionally, it can cause confusion and disorientation, which can become a catalyst for more unintentional injuries.
Ketamine can make people feel dizzy, meaning they are at a higher risk of fainting. This risk is increased when mixed with alcohol or other drugs.
Excessive Ketamine use can create kidney problems, triggering painful and involuntary urination and intense abdominal pains referred to as “K-Cramps”.
Regular ketamine use can exacerbate existing mental health problems. It can lead to feelings of paranoia, heightened anxiety leading to panic attacks, and experiences known as “K-Holes” – where a user feels trapped and detached without the ability to voice their feelings.
As previously identified, Ketamine has great medical benefits but few when taken out of this setting.
As previously stated, Ketamine is psychologically addictive, and when a person is addicted emotionally, it can be even harder to overcome alone. For prescription drug addiction, we recommend inpatient rehab due to its intensity, the 24hr care available to patients, and the success rates of long-term recovery.
There is a three-step process to rehab; detoxification, therapy, and aftercare.
Detox treatment can be the biggest hurdle for many addicts when considering whether they’re ready to lead a life free from drugs. The drug detox itself isn’t hard; it is the withdrawal symptoms that are feared.
The most common indication of withdrawals is agitation, confusion, psychosis, nausea, and severe depression, which increases the risk of suicide.
Medical and professional supervision is advised for a safer and more controlled detox. Depending on how each patient reacts during their detox, it may be mutually agreed that medication should be administered to help lessen the psychological withdrawal symptoms.
This part of rehabilitation can last between 7-10 days, but with the support of our team at Cassiobury, we can get through this most difficult period together.
After the mind has been through the detoxification process, the next step within the three is therapy. At Cassiobury, we believe addiction is a full-body dilemma – there is often a reason why a person has abused substances. Our rehab facility has an assortment of therapies, from group therapy to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The therapies’ specifics will differ for each patient as no addiction is the same.
Group therapy is particularly beneficial for patients that stay at our private drug and alcohol rehab facility. We truly believe that creating strong relationships and bonds can help an addict achieve long-term sobriety. Much like Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meetings, having others who can strengthen you in times of need can help when an addict is emotionally struggling and prevent relapses.
These therapies help construct the foundation for an addict to develop once they return to their home setting. Stress management and 1-1 recovery planning can encourage our patients to think about challenges they may face when starting their drug-free life and how they can create more positive behaviours when potentially stressful situations arise.
The length of time spent at rehab can vary from person to person. The recommended duration at rehab is 28-days. However, it is important to understand this can vary.The final step to rehab is the aftercare programme.
Once the psychological addiction is lessened and the foundation for an addiction-free life is laid, an addict will return home. This thought alone can cause heightened anxiety and stress.
As a rehabilitation centre, we are here to provide our patients with continuous and personalised support 12 months after leaving Cassiobury Court. The first 12 months can be extremely difficult, so we give our patients a thorough aftercare programme.
We can be your additional support system when times get tough. We can be an extra pair of eyes checking for signs and symptoms that you may be struggling.
If you or someone you love is struggling with Ketamine addiction, we’re here to help.
Contact our friendly and professional team today to enquire about our services, how we treat ketamine addiction and the next steps. Furthermore, we offer services for those concerned about a loved one with a potential addiction.
John Gillen - Author - Last updated: 6th October 2022
John Gillen is a leading addiction treatment expert with over 15 years of experience in providing evidence-based treatment methods for individuals throughout the UK. John is also the co-author of the book, The Secret Disease of Addiction which delves into how the addictive mind works and what treatment techniques work best.
Dr Alexander Lapa (Psychiatrist) - Medical Reviewer - Last Reviewed: 06/10/2022 10:29 am
MBBS, PG Dip Clin Ed, OA Dip CBT, OA Dip Psychology, SCOPE Certified
Dr Lapa graduated in Medicine in 2000 and since this time has accrued much experience working in the widest range of psychiatric settings with differing illness presentations and backgrounds in inpatient, community and secure settings. This has been aligned to continuation of professional development at postgraduate level in clinical research which has been very closely related to the everyday clinical practice conducted by this practitioner as a NHS and Private Psychiatrist.
He is fully indemnified by the Medical and Dental Defence Union of Scotland (MDDUS) and MIAB Expert Insurance for Psychiatric and Private Medical practice. He is fully registered with the General Medical Council (GMC) in the UK with a licence to practice.
Dr Lapa is approved under Section 12(2) of the Mental Health Act (1983)
Member of Independent Doctors Federation (IDF), British Association for Psychopharmacology (BMA) and The Association for the Study of Obesity (ASO)
Dr Lapa’s extensive experience has also concentrated on the following areas of clinical practice:
– Assessment, Diagnosis and Pharmacological Treatment for Adults with ADHD.
– Drug and Alcohol Dependency and maintaining abstinence and continued recovery
– Intravenous and Intramuscular Vitamin and Mineral Infusion Therapy
– Dietary and Weight Management and thorough care from assessment to treatment to end goals and maintenance
– Aesthetic Practice and Procedures
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